SKIN OF BABIES AND CHILDREN
The skin of infants and children in the first years of life is soft, smooth and elastic, in perfect appearance. It is however, very delicate, fragile and defenseless.
Knowledge of its physiological characteristics helps to follow a good hygiene program and care so as to make it grow healthy and well structured.
From the earliest days of life you need to use specific products for children, both for detergency and for the care, such as oils and skin care products.
The baby's skin needs to be treated with care because it is not yet able to create the protective barrier constituted by the hydro-lipid film. At birth, the skin, very thin, and extremely delicate, appears completely covered with a protective membrane, the so-called "vernix" made up of sebum and desquamated cells, which is necessary as protection against maceration caused by amniotic fluid.
After the disappearance of the vernix of the skin is protected, for about three months, by another film made from the secretions of the sebaceous glands, stimulated by maternal hormones. The epidermis of the newborn is rather thin because it has a thickness which is about half of that of an adult. It is therefore not capable of ensuring effective protection against external agents. Consequently they are at greater the risk of problems due to the use of unsuitable cosmetic products.
Only after 6-7 weeks of life the baby's skin is similar, at least from the qualitative point of view, to that of an adult, able to prevent the development of various pathogenic germs.
The fragile infant skin needs constant and adequate protection. Prolonged contact with irritants such as urine, feces, diapers, can determine important issues.
The skin as the baby grows builds several layers, each of which plays a specific role:
Epidermis is the top layer. It 'a fabric often about 0.2 mm, formed by more layers, whose main component is keratin. It is a dynamic tissue that is constantly regenerated and which represents a real barrier against the penetration of external agents.
DERMA is a type of connective tissue, the thickness of 3-4 mm, below the epidermis. It is the structure that gives nourishment to the skin which assures the correct elasticity. The rich in blood and lymphatic vessels of the dermis also contribute to nutrition. Within the dermis develop hair follicles, sweat glands (which secrete sweat) and sebaceous glands. The sebum and sweat together form a thin layer called the epidermis hydrolipidic film, which makes the skin soft, durable and waterproof.
The hypodermis, the deepest layer, basically has the task of protecting organs from trauma and the loss of heat.
DELICATE SKIN OF BABIES AND CHILDREN MUST BE TREATED WITH EXTREME CARE.